Reader, Department of Homoeopathic Pharmacy
SVR Homoeopathic Medical College,
CONCEPTS AND PHILOSOPHY
} Homoeopathy means a method of scientific study and therapeutic practice.
} Homoeopathy implies a particular way of supplying drugs to diseases according to a specific principle, know aas “Similia Similibus Curentur” (let likes be treated by likes).
} Homoeopathy is a method of curing the sufferings of a person by administration of drugs which have been experimentally proved to possess power of producing similar sufferings in a healthy human being.
} Homoeopathy simply means treating diseases with remedies, prescribed in minute doses, which are capable of producing symptoms similar to the disease when taken by healthy people.
} The word ‘homoeopathy’ is derived from two Greek words,
} ‘Homois’ meaning similar and
} ‘pathos’ meaning suffering.
The German physician Dr. Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) discovered the principle that what substance could cause in the way of symptoms it could also cure.
While translating Cullen’s Materia medica, from English to German language, he came upon the remarks of Cullen about the ague-curing property of Cinchona-bark and his explanation of the modus operandi of that drug i.e. by virtue of bitterness the drug cure ague. This explanation did not satisfy Hahnemann as there were plenty of drugs but not possessing the ague-curative power. He thought, of testing the positive action of Cinchona-bark on his own body. After taking a few doses of the said decoction of the bark he came in for symptoms similar to what were described under the disease, called marsh ague. He thaught whether Cinchona-bark, did cure ague by virtue of its power of producing ague-like symptoms in healthy bodies.
Hahnemann continued to experiment, noting that every substance he took, whether a herb, a mineral product or a chemical compound, produced definite distinct symptoms in him. He further noted that no two substances produced exactly the same set of symptoms. Each provoked its own unique pattern of symptoms. Furthermore the symptoms were not just confined to the physical plane. Every substance tested also affected the mind and the emotions apart from the body.
Eventually, Hahnemann began to treat the sick on the formula ‘let likes be treated by likes’. From the outset he achieved outstanding clinical success.
Concepts and Principle-Law of Similars
It is also called the Law of Cure. This law demonstrates that the selected remedy is able to produce a range of symptoms in a healthy person similar to that observed in the patient, thus leading to the principle of Simila Similibus Curentur i.e let likes be treated by likes. To give a simple example the effects of peeling an onion are very similar to the symptoms of acute cold. The remedy prepared from the red onion, Allium cepa, is used to treat the type of cold in which the symptoms resemble those we get from peeling onion. The principle has verified by millions of homoeopaths all over the world.
Homoeopathic medicines are always administered in single, simple unadulterated form.
The similar remedy selected for a sick is prescribed in a minimum dose, so that when administered there are no toxic effects on the body. It just acts as a triggering and catalytic agent to stimulate and strengthen the existing defence mechanism of the body. For this medicines are prepared in a special way known as Drug dynamisation or Potentisation. Drug dynamisation involves trituration for solid substances and succussion for liquid substances. Drugs prepared in such a way retain maximum medicinal power without producing any toxic effects on the body,
Holistic as well as Individualistic approach
This is a key point and unique to Homoeopathy. Even though it may sound strange, Homoeopathy does not treat disease per se. A Homoeopath does not concentrate his therapy on, say arthritis or bronchitis or cancer. In other words he does not limit his treatment to painful joints, in inflamed bronchi or a malignant growth. Rather, he treats all aspects mental, emotional and physical of the person who happens to be suffering with arthritis or bronchitis or cancer. Homoeopathy regards each patient as a unique individual e.g. six persons with hepatitis might get a different homoeopathic remedy, each one aimed at the individual’s totality of symptoms rather than at his liver alone. The physician’s interest is not only to alleviate the patient’s present symptoms but also his long term will being.
Dr. Hahnemann discovered that the human body is endowed with a force which reacts against the inimical forces which produce disease. It becomes deranged during illness and the best selected homoeopathic remedies stimulate this failing vital force so that, as Hahnemann said “it can again take the reins and conduct the system on way to health”.
Psora, Syphilis and Sycosis are the three fundamental causes of all chronic diseases which afflict the human race as discovered by. Dr. Hahnemann and called them miasms. This word is derived form Greek word miainein meaning’ to pollute’. Psora is present from the beginning to end of life and is the root cause of most of the diseases.
To apply drugs for therapeutic use, their curative powers should be known. The proving of the drug is the method employed to know these powers and is unique to Homoeopathy as they are proved on healthy human beings. The symptoms thus known are the true record of the curative properties of a drug or the pathogenesis of a drug.
History of Homoeopathy in India
Homoeopathy entered in India in 1839 when Dr. John Martin Hoenigberger, was called to treat Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Punjab, for paralysis of vocal cords and oedema. Later Hoenigberger came to Calcutta and practiced Homoeopathy there for quite sometime. Since then Homoeopathy has progressed steadily in country.
The process of official recognition of Homoeopathy started with the passing of the first resolution by the Central Legislative Assembly in 1937 followed by another resolution in 1948. But it was only in 1952 that Homoeopathy started getting recognition in the States and in 1973, a Central Act was passed for recognising this system of medicine. Today, Homoeopathy has become a part of the national network of health services in India and providing health services to the people through hospitals, dispensaries and private practitioners.
Corks are usually washed only through alcohol. Wooden handled pestle is carefully cleaned taking care to spoil the wooden handle.
To remove greasy or oily materials methylated spirit, ether, chloroform or Benzene can be used. Vessels made up of metals should never e washed with acids.